This cluster is mostly a transversal cluster as policies drive developments in all areas of the energy sector. There is a number of interesting policy tools across Europe. It is key, however, to understand the, good practise, context and efficiency of these policies. The cluster will focus on internal EU policies but it will also include a broader context, addressing specific topics on the geopolitics of the energy supply and gas interconnectors in the light of security of supply. Most of the quick and long studies will be informed by this cluster and will potentially give input to relevant developments for this cluster. The main legislation and communications are described in section 2.4 of the ITT. The cluster will also include specific topics on the geopolitics of the energy supply and gas interconnectors in the light of security of supply. They cover the supply and use of energy in the EU and link to the response to climate change, particularly energy efficiency and renewable energy.
Profound change in the design of the European energy mix with a high share of RES needs combined action in all the areas subject to analysis in clusters 1-6. It is important however, to use the added value of corresponding policies and assure their mutual impact adds to the overall target of the new energy market design. It is also important to incorporate various drivers Member States have in their policy design to to facilitate the optimal selection of policy measures. More specifically, energy security is one of the big challenges of Europe. Without enough supply to cover the demand in the Member states, the Union has to develop strategies to secure diversity of energy sources. This is particularly relevant to fuel imports and, especially, gas imports to Europe. At the same time, access to energy becomes increasingly important, as most modern services like telecommunication and transportation rely on access to electricity. The discussion on gas interconnectors is very closely linked to the discussion on security of gas supply in Europe. There is a common understanding that stronger gas interconnectors will increase security of supply and drive gas prices down in Europe. Gas is considered as transition fuel on the road to full decarbonisation and allows for flexible capacity, reacting promptly to intermittent renewables production patterns. In that light, it has an important role in security of supply in gas – and power sectors..
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